Outline the factors that may lead to occupational stress amongst workers.
The basic workplace stressors are:
- The job itself – boring or repetitive, unrealistic performance targets or insufficient training, job insecurity or fear of redundancy
- Individual responsibility – ill-defined roles and too much responsibility with too little power to influence the job outputs
- Working conditions – cramped, dirty and untidy workplace; unsafe practices; lack of privacy or security; inadequate welfare facilities; threat of violence; excessive noise, vibration or heat; poor lighting; lack of flexibility in working hours to meet domestic requirements and adverse weather conditions for those working outside
- Management attitudes – poor communication, consultation or supervision, negative health, and safety culture, lack of support in a crisis
- Relationships – the unhappy relationship between workers, bullying, sexual and racial harassment.
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